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What Is A DSCR Loan

What Is A DSCR Loan

If you've been in real estate investing you might have heard of the debt-service coverage ratio (DSCR). Simply put a DSCR Loan estimates a firm's available cash flow to pay current debt commitments. Its purpose is to inform investors and lenders whether an organization has sufficient income to pay its loans. At Alpha Tech Lending we offer two types of DSCR Loan programs, DSCR 1-4 and DSCR 5+

In this article we will discuss what is a DSCR loan, why they are important and how you can utilize our DSCR loan programs

What Is a DSCR Loan

A DSCR loan is one of the home loans referred to as a non-QM ( Non-Qualified Mortgage) loan. Non-QM loans equip likely borrowers with an alternative financing method that doesn't require traditional income verification procedures. A DSCR loan, in particular, simplifies showing rental income that might not reflect on your taxes due to deductions for legitimate business expenses.

A DSCR loan is a substantial Non-QM loan for real estate investors. Lenders can use a DSCR to help entitle real estate investors to a loan as it can easily decide the borrower's repayment capability without ascertaining personal income.

Real estate investors use the DSCR loan to get finance because it considers cash flow from investment properties rather than W-2s or pay stubs, which many investors do not usually have. Lenders use DSCR to assess the real estate investors capability of making the monthly repayments.

Deductions from properties lowers taxable income, making it difficult for investors to confirm their actual income. With DSCR, lenders can determine whether someone can make loan repayments. The DSCR is calculated as follows:

  • DSCR = Monthly Rent ÷ PITIA

PITIA expands to principal, interest, taxes, insurance, and association dues. By considering all the associated expenses, an investor can accurately determine if a property will have favorable cash flow, making it a good buy-and-hold prospect.

Why Investors Prefer DSCR Loans

Most real estate investors write off payments on their properties, so they may not qualify for a conventional loan. Alpha Tech Lending DSCR loans carry many benefits for investors.

They can employ property-generated income to develop additional properties and expedite portfolio growth.

Investors can also use the loans for a cash-out refinance on the other existing properties in their portfolio, It helps free up cash for down payments. It will allow them to acquire multiple properties without any of their own capital investment.

Advantages of DSCR Loans

Lenders do not consider personal finance, so every new or veteran investor can easily access DSCR loans. Alpha Tech Lending provides DSCR loans to everybody, regardless of whether they are US citizens or foreign nationals.

DSCR loans usually have a streamlined application and approval process, offering shorter closing times. The loan request application and underwriting process is simple, and approvals are typically much faster. Alpha Tech Lending does not take more than seven days to close the loans.

DSCR loans offer unlimited cash-in-hand, providing the facility to take out money when needed to cover expenses.

Investors can purchase multiple properties simultaneously, which is not possible with conventional loans. Borrowers can not buy another property until they've paid off their current debt, while DSCR loans enable investors to purchase as many properties as they want to build their portfolios.

Borrowers can apply for DSCR loans for many rentals, including short and long-term rentals and various properties. Alpha Tech Lending provides loans for single and multifamily homes, 5+ units, and multifamily and commercial properties, including offices, retail outlets, warehouses, automotive and more.

Borrowers can use an LLC for business purposes to buy investment properties. An LLC for DSCR loans can help protect your assets without disturbing your personal credit report. The LLC can have multiple members; not all have to guarantee the loan personally.

However, investors must also know that the DSCR loan interest rates are higher than traditional loans. If you are a borrower, most lenders expect you to have a minimum of 0.75 DSCR ratio and a credit score of 620. DSCR loans are only used to invest in properties that generate rental income.

DSCR Calculator

The DSCR formula is the property's annual gross rental income divided by its debt obligations.

  1. To determine your gross rental income, lenders consider your annual rental income based on your lease agreement and the appraiser's equivalent rent schedule and apply the lesser of the two. In some cases, if you can prove an annual LTR or STR rental income history, you can modify it based on that rather than the appraiser's market rent.

  2. Next, you must find your annual debt. Your annual debt for loan capability goals equals the total yearly principal, interest, taxes, insurance, and HOA (if applicable) payments. Annual Debt = Total Annual PITIA payments.

  3. Next, you'll divide your yearly total rental income with your annual debt for your ratio. DSCR = Annual gross rental income/Annual debt.

Please note the net operating income (NOI), capitalization rate (Cap Rate), cash on cash return (COCR), and return on investment (ROI) are not considered for DSCR mortgage loan qualifying purposes.

Standard Procedures and Metrics for Investors Seeking DSCR Loans

  • DSCR Minimum Requirement: Financiers generally seek a DSCR of 1.25 or higher. This can vary depending on the lender and the specific loan cases. A DSCR of 1.25 indicates that the property generates 25% more income than required to cover the debt service, allowing a buffer to account for vacant properties, maintenance, and other unexpected expenses. Alpha Tech Lending provides loans to all, even first-time investors. They also offer loans for as little as 0.25 to regular clients.

  • Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratios: Loan-to-value ratios are generally more traditional than those for standard mortgages. Most lenders cap the LTV at 75-80%, which means the borrower has to make a higher down payment to ensure sufficient property equity from the outset. Alpha Tech Lending caps LTV at 80% for almost all types of borrowers.

  • Interest Rates and Terms: The interest rates for DSCR loans are often higher than those for owner-occupied mortgages, reflecting the higher perceived risk. Loan terms vary per lender. Alpha Tech Lending offers 30-year amortizations. These provide the borrower with lower monthly payments and better cash flow.

  • Property Types: You can use the DSCR loans for various rental investment properties, including multifamily units, single-family homes, condos, and even commercial properties in some cases.

  • No Personal Income Verification: Unlike traditional loans, as a borrower, you are not required to provide extensive personal financial documentation for DSCR loans. The emphasis is on the property's income-generating possibility, streamlining the application process for investors with complex financial situations.

  • Reserve Requirements: To mitigate risk further, borrowers may have to keep some cash reserves, often equal to a few months of debt service.

The Application Process

Applying for a DSCR loan generally concerns the following steps:

  1. Property Identification: The investor identifies a potential investment property that they believe will render sufficient rental income.

  2. Preliminary Financial Analysis: The investor performs an initial analysis to estimate the property's Net Operating Income (NOI) and estimate the DSCR to ensure it meets the lender's requirements.

  3. Loan Application: The borrower presents a loan application, along with the property's financial details, including rental income, operating expenses, and any existing debt service.

  4. Appraisal and Underwriting: The lender conducts an assessment to confirm the property's value, conducts underwriting to confirm the financials, and figures out the official DSCR.

  5. Loan Approval and Closing: If the DSCR and other factors meet the lender's standards, the loan is authorized, and the closing process begins.

Do You Require A DSCR Loan?

If you're an investor wanting to expand your portfolio without the restrictions of traditional income verification, a DSCR loan is the perfect option. Evaluating the property's income potential, investment plan, and financial situation is important.

How Can You Apply for a DSCR Loan with Alpha Tech Lending?

Contact Alpha Tech Lending to apply for a DSCR loan or learn more about how it can fit into your investment plan.. The customer service team will guide you through the application process, help you to comprehend all the conditions and how to maximize your investment potential.

Properties you can use for a commercial DSCR real estate loan:

  • Multifamily homes

  • Office buildings

  • Retail buildings

  • Single Family Homes

  • Industrial buildings

  • Self-storage buildings

  • Hospitality buildings

  • Business properties

  • 2-10 Unit properties

  • Assisted living facilities


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